British soldiers blinded by a gas attack.
British stretcher bearers near Passchendaele, 1st of August 1917.
British infantry knee deep in mud the Yrpes Salient 1917.
Large scale battles occurred infrequently of course but during the remainder of his time on the front the soldier often fought violent minor conflicts or was subjected to intense artillery barrages or gas attacks

Name and Date of Death
Events that happened on that day
Private John Frank Arthy
Was 22 when he died on 16th May 1915 and is commemorated at the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial in Ypres, Belgium (now known as Ieper). He served with the 2nd Battalion, King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt.) attached to the 83rd Brigade of the 28th Division.
His parents were: Frank and Elizabeth Arthy.
Sunday 16th May 1915 The 2nd Battle of Ypres.
The 2nd Battle of Ypres (which covered several smaller battles, particularly those of Gravenstafel, St. Julien and Frezenburg ridge was fought through April and May.
On the 22nd April the Germans first used chlorine gas. It was a sunny, warm, Spring day but a 'favourable' wind did not start blowing until the late afternoon when the poisonous chlorine was released onto the north of the Ypres salient and an artillery barrage was laid down to support it. Together they enabled the Germans to knock a hole in the French line and severely test the adjacent Canadian Division. The 83rd Brigade was also in the front line that day.
Between 22nd April and the 8th May they lost 128 officers and 4379 men. It been said that the Brigade's defence at Frezenberg, in holding the Germans and ignoring orders to retire, was probably the turning point in British fortunes during the Second Battle of Ypres.
Private Frank Arthey
Died on 6th July 1916 and is buried in the Beauval cemetery. He was 18 years old. He served with the 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment, 12th Brigade, 4th Division. The 4th Casualty Clearing Station was at Beauval from June, 1915, to October, 1916, and the great majority of the burials were carried out from these hospitals.
His mother was Mrs. Ellen Arthey.
6th July 1916 The strip between the villages of Serre and Beaumont Hamel.
The Battalion attacked the German front line on the 1st day of the Battle of the Somme and managed, after suffering numerous casualties, including their Lt. Colonel being killed, to take a well-defended area called the Quadrilateral Redoubt.
However, the German artillery in no-man's land prevented men and supplies being brought forward to assist and later the next day, these few Allied troops who had no flank support, were withdrawn to their own trenches again. The 4th Division had lost nearly half of its strength.
Private F Arthey
Died on 8th April 1917, just before zero hour, and is buried in Faubourg D'Amiens cemetery in Arras. He served with the 10th Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 76th Brigade, 3rd Division.
The Western Front 1917.
Without warning, in mid February 1917, the Germans withdrew from their old defensive positions and made a strategic withdrawal to the very strong and well-prepared Hindenburg line. The area between their new positions and the old was torched and destroyed.

8th April 1917 The battle of Arras.
On 9th of April, to support the French, who were attacking in the south, the British and Canadians pushed forward eastwards from Arras. The town had an extensive warren of tunnels beneath it and these were used to keep troops and material relatively safe prior to the attack. Following a 5-day barrage, which included the use of gas shells, the Canadian forces successfully took the heights known as Vimy Ridge whilst the British on their immediate right also took their objectives and pushed the German line backwards over the following days.
Private Reginald Rookwood Arthy
Died aged 19 on the 6th October 1917. He fought with the 2nd/7th Bn., Lancashire Fusiliers, attached to the 197th Brigade, 66th Division in the 2nd army. He is buried at the Ypres cemetery, Ypres, Belgium.
His parents were: Frank and Dorcas Arthy.
Saturday 6th October 1917 The Battles of Broodseinde and Poelcapelle - 4th to 9th October 1917.
The 66th Division were involved in the 3rd battle of Ypres which extended over many weeks as the allies fought to take the village of Passchendaele through the mud baths which surrounded it.
The Second and Fifth Armies launched the Battle of Broodseinde at 6am on 4th October on an 8-mile front extending from west of Poelcapelle to just south of the Menin Road west of Gheluvelt. The 66th Division were used in the attack on Poelcapelle on the 9th of October and would have drawn casualties over the preceding days, as they made ready.
From October 1914 to the autumn of 1918, Ypres (now Ieper) was at the centre of a salient held by Commonwealth (and for some months by French) forces.
From April 1915, it was bombarded and destroyed more completely than any other town of its size on the Western Front.
Private W S C Arthey
Was 24 years old when he died on the 29th September 1918 and is buried at the Valenciennes cemetery in Nord, France. He served with the 10th Battalion of the Worcester Regiment, which was absorbed, that summer, by the 17th Battalion of the 121st brigade of the 40th Division fighting with the second army in Flanders.
His parents were: William and Kate Arthey.
29th September 1918 The Flanders Breakout.
In late September some 50 British army Divisions, along with those of Belgium, France and America, attacked the German forces over the whole length of the Western Front and after intense fighting pushed them back from their positions.
Operations in the north began on the 27th of the month. The 40th Division fought at the battle of Ypres between the 28th September and the 2nd October.
Staff Sergeant T. E. Arthey
Was a Farrier who died on Thursday 18th November 1920 at the age of 33. He is buried in the Cairo War Memorial cemetery.
He was the son of W. H. Arthey.
18th November 1920 Cairo, Egypt.
At the outbreak of the First World War, Cairo was headquarters to the United Kingdom garrison in Egypt. With Alexandria, it became the main hospital centre for Gallipoli in 1915 and later dealt with the sick and wounded from operations in Egypt and Palestine.

WW1 Campaign Medals for Arthy & Arthey as recorded at the Public records Office.
The Medal Rolls Index, known as the Medal Index Cards (MIC), was created by the Army Medal Office (AMO) towards the end of the First World War. The index was created to enable the AMO to place on one card, all of the details about an individual's medal entitlement, their rank or ranks, the unit or units they served in, the first operational theatre they served in and most importantly, the original AMO medal roll references. These medal rolls (held in WO 329) show the entitlement to the medals and also provide all of the accounting references for the issuing of the medal or medals.

 
Medal card of: Corps: Regiment No: Rank:
Arthy, Benjamin 19th London Regiment 5940 Private
Arthy, E B E 5th London Regiment 5235 Private
Arthy, Edward J Royal Engineers 242901 Acting Corporal
Arthy, Edmund J Royal Engineers 243901 Sapper
Arthy, Herbert C Royal Berkshire Regiment 13513 Private
Arthy, Henry J Royal Irish Regiment 8298 Corporal
Arthy, H J Royal Irish Regiment 21062 Private
Arthy, H W G Royal Berkshire Regiment   Lieutenant
Arthy, John F Royal Lancashire Regiment 10065 Private
Arthy, Reginald R Lancashire Fusiliers 39129 Private
Arthy, Robert W Liverpool Regiment 71606 Private
Arthy, Walter Royal Field Artillery   Lieutenant Colonel
Arthy, William E The Queen's Regiment 32053 Private
Arthy, William H Machine Gun Corps 8603 Corporal
       
Arthey, Arthur G Royal Army Medical Corps 116259 Private
Arthey, F 2nd Essex Regiment 18990 Private
Arthey, Frank Essex Regiment 32497 Private
Arthey, Frederick Essex Yeomanry 81190 Private
Arthey, George Royal Field Artillery 882034 Gunner
Arthey, Herbert Royal Irish Rifles 3/1761 Private
Arthey, Henry N Army Ordnance Corps 5732 Private
Arthey, John W Royal Field Artillery 211635 Gunner
Arthey, S R 1st Essex Regiment 5264 Private
Arthey, Thomas E 16th Lancers
  Staff Sergeant
Arthey, Thomas H Royal Engineers 230998 Private
Arthey, W 2nd Essex Regiment   Private
Arthey, William Hampshire Regiment 41806 Private
Arthey, William 5th Essex Regiment 1849 Corporal
Arthey, William 6th Essex Regiment 2076 Lance Corporal
Arthey, William Alfred Essex Regiment 8981 Private
Arthey, William C Rifle Brigade 46169 Private
Arthey, William H 29th Brigade Royal Field Artillery 51625 Bombardier
Arthey, William R Royal Horse Artillery 281415 Driver
Arthey, William S C Suffolk Regiment 202773 Private
 
 
Source for the photographs and records Imperial War Museum Public Records Office
Research Rikk Earthy January 2002, April 2004.