John Earthy
As yet it is not known when or where John Earthy was born, or how and when he arrived in New England, however research over the past few years has uncovered a lot of information about this Mariner.
 
The current Pemaquid Tavern which pays homage to John Earthy.
1674
The first records of John show that he was licensed to keep a house of 'Publicke entertaynemente' [tavern] at Pemaquid, Maine in 1674.
 
1675-6
John worked for the preservation of peace with the eastern Indians, in the State of Maine, during the years 1675-6 and he was to witness to a peace treaty signed on the 13th of November 1676.
 
Records of the court of Assistants of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692.
1677
John together with Left. Gardner were brought before the court, they were bound to pay forty pounds each in bail to John Hull, Treasurer of the Country,  and would later face charges against him at the next Court of Assistants.
It is not known why John should appear in court but it is known that in 1674 he ran the Pemaquid Tavern together with Leftenant Gardner - it can be assumed that his court appearance was with his partner and in connection with the running of the Pemaquid Tavern.

After having escaped Pemaquid during the Indian uprising, he settled in Salem, Massachusetts, where he took the Oath of Allegiance, and in the Salem fishing master's acts that year he 'Allowed for house rent' in December 1677
 
Records of the court of Assistants of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692.
1683
On the 12th of November 1683 in Boston, New England a William Johnson was on trial for piracy.
He was brought before the bar having not the fear of God before his eyes and instigated by the devil together with  one John Graham and other sea rouges committed acts of piracy and seized ships on the high seas belonging to the Port of Salem.
Amongst the vessels assaulted and plundered was a bacq (see below) called the James and Hannah mastered by John Earthy (His Majesty's subject of the Colony of Massachusetts).
William Johnson was found not guilty but was held in case of any other complaint against him should arise within 6 months, he could have been freed against a bail for five hundred pounds which was not met - he was later released.
 
An illustration of a 3-masted 'Bacq' or Bark or Barque as it is known. According to Wikipedia Well before the 19th century a barge had become a small vessel of coastal or inland waters. Somewhat later, a bark became a sailing vessel of a distinctive rig as above. In Britain, by the mid-nineteenth century, the spelling had taken on the French form of barque. Francis Bacon used this form of the word as early as 1605.
 
1688
John was taxed in Boston 1688, also where he was master of transport in the next war.
 
 

Research by Scott Melendez (December 2000) gave us the name of John's wife - 'Mary Sallows', as yet it is not known when they married, but it is known they had 2 children:
Mary Earthy, who married on the 10th of February 1713/14, Richard Tayler.
Anne Earthy, who married on the 30th of December 1714 as 1st wife Isaac Gleason (1690-1748) (Married By: Hon. Sam. Sewall Esq. J. P.)
John's marriage to Mary and the marriage of their daughters can be found in the The American Genealogist, Vol. 72, No. 1, January 1997, the article, "The Sallows-Solas-Sollis-Sollace Family, Mariners of Salem and Beverly, Massachusetts", is by John Bradley Arthaud. Page 5 has this entry:
Mary Sallows, died before 16 Aug 1711; married John Earthy/Artheey. John Earthy was a seaman in 1667/8 and appears on a tax list of 16 April 1683.

Children, both probably at least 18 in 1711:
Mary Earthy, unmarried 1711; probably m. Boston, 10 Feb 1713/14, Richard Tayler.
Anne Earthy, unmarried 1711; probably m. Boston, 30 Dec. 1714 as 1st wife [of] Isaac Gleason (William, Thomas).

" It also states: "Of their (Thomas Solas/Sallows and Grace Lemon) children, only Mary [Sallows] had a family. On 4 August 1711, Thomas Wallis of Boston, blacksmith, and attorney to Mary Earthy and Anne Earthy, single women [place of residence not stated], sold one and one-half acres of land for 40 to Benjamin Gerrish of Salem; the Earthy women were described as "the only surviving children of and heirs of John earthy, late of Salem, mariner, and Mary his wife who was the only surviving child and heiress of Thomas Salloes late of Salem."
 
Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, Boston vital records 1630-1699, Marriage Index of Massachusetts 1633-1850.
In this dictionary is the entry:
Elizabeth Erthey - Married Lewis Corbee on the 27th of July 1709, in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.
 
It is uncertain if Elizabeth Erthey is a third daughter of John and Mary.
Also in the same dictionary there arises some confusion as they give the name Mary, not Abigail who married Richard Tayler.
 
The dictionary has the recording of Anne's birth and death:
Anne Earthey, born in 1692, at Middlesex, Massachusetts - died on the 28th of January 1718 in Brookline, Suffolk.
 
 
Records about John can be read in a paper that was prepared for The New-England Historic, and Genealogical Society written by Professor John Johnston from Wesleyan University, Middletown.
It was John Johnston's intention to prove that it was John Earthy who should be credited 'Peacemaker with the eastern Indians in the State of Maine 1675-6.' and not Abraham Shurt as recorded in 'Williams History of Maine.'
Col. A.H. Hoyt read the paper to the society at the regular three o'clock monthly meeting held at: No 17 Bromfield Street, Boston, Massachusetts on Wednesday, February 1st, 1871.
The paper, as written by John Johnston, published in: The new England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume XXV 1871.

The English settlement of Pemaquid (now Bristol) was the first permanently established on the coast of the present state of Maine, and was second only to Plymouth (and perhaps not even to this) in all New-England.

Very early in its history a man came there from bristol, Eng., by the name of Abraham Shurt (sometimes written Shurd, and occasionally, Short), who is believed to have spent the rest of his life there, and whose history and character present some points of interest. He was a man of excellent moral character, and through a long life exerted a good influence among the comparatively rude people of the place; but, at the same time, it is very certain that much of the credit which Williamson and others have attributed to him, for certain specific acts, at a time of great peril, really belongs to another, whose name has literally disappeared from history, except as it is found in the original contemporaneous authorities. This man was John Earthy; a name quite as uncommon as that of Shurt.

Concerning these two names, Shurt and Earthy, I may remark, that they are not only unusual, but so far as my own researches have extended, quite unknown in modern times. Considerable research has failed to bring to light either of them, except as referring to these identical men. Fortunately for us, Shurt has left some account of himself in an affidavit sworn to by him in Boston, Dec 25. 1662, and put on record there (1). From this we learn that he was eighty years old, and that he came to Pemaquid in 1626, as agent for ''Alderman Aldworth and Mr Giles Elbridge of Bristol, Merchants,'' and that he purchased for them the island of Monhegan of Abraham Jennings, a gentleman of Plymouth.

Jennings, it is believed, never came to this country: but he had acquired his title to the island by gift, or perhaps by purchase, from the Council of Plymouth, which about this time enjoyed its highest prosperity, and exerted its great influence.

The nearest good harbor to Monhegan, on the main land, is that of Pemequid, about 14 or 15 miles distant in a north-west direction. This beautiful harbor is located some two or three miles from the present Pemaquid Point light-house., on the west side; and was then surrounded wih tall pines and spruces, intermingled with birch and maple, and gray and red oak. It is but a little distance from the line usually pursued by ships sailing along the coast, is easy of access, and perfectly safe at all seasons of the year. Here Shurt located himself, and here he is believed to have had his residence the remainder of his life, though we often hear of him as making excursions both east and west , in the prosecution of his business. Probably when his principals sent him over as their agent they were contemplating further grants from the council of Plymouth, as one was actually made to them only a few years later, Feb. 29th, 163(1/2). This patent was for 12,000 acres of land between the Damariscotta and Muscongus rivers. Possession was given to Shurt, as agent of Aldworth and Elbridge, according to the old forms, March 27th 1630.

The year before Shurt's arrival in the country (July 15th, 1625), John Brown, also a Bristol man, had purchased this same territory (the northern boundary alone being a little different) of the Indian chiefs of the place, and the deed signed by the Indians was acknowledged before Shurt, July 24th, 1626. This must have been very soon after his arrival in the place, and plainly indicates that he was considered as endowed with some special authority or office, though in taking the acknowledgment he simply signed his name, without appending any title. It is also noted that this was several years before the issuing of the Pemaquid Patent to Aldworth and Elbridge, and of course they had as yet no pretense to any claim or title whatever.

The Acknowledgment of the deed is in the usual form, now so well known, or there is only a slight transposition of a few words, ''Captain John Somoset and Unongoit, indian Sagamores, personally appeared before me, & c''. The late N.I.Bowditch, Esq., of Boston, in his work on ''Suffolk Surnames'' says this is certainly the first instance of its use on this side of the Atlantic, and probably Shurt was himself the author of it. He dedicated his work just named to him, and in doing so, conferred on him the title of ''Father of American Conveyancing.''

Many facts of Shurt's personal history, after he came to this country are known; but our object does not require repetition here. in his early acquaintance with the Indians, an incident occurred which secured for him their confidence and respect; and as a result of his kind and upright conduct towards them , this feeling was continued to the end of his life. A quarrel existed between some tribes on the Penobscot and some of the tribes about Boston, and the wife of an Agawam chief had been taken prisoner with others, and carried to the east as a captive, where she she was still held. Shurt, learning the facts in the case, by friendly negotiation with the parties, secured her release and restoration to her people and friends. The business was conducted in such a manner as to secure Shurt the respect of both parties-the victors, as well as the captive and her friends (2).

Shurt early established at Pemaquid a large business, considering the circumstances of that early period, and, at times had extensive business relations with Boston and other English settlements to the west, and also with the French settlements to the eastward. Every where he maintained the same enviable character of an eminently honest, upright man. At the same time he was exceedingly modest, and even retiring in his habits: and though often applied to for counsel, he never aspired to be a leader, or indicated a desire for office. It is believed that he never was married.

It is not known when or where he died: but there is good reason to believe that the making of his affidavit in 1662 is the last act of his that is recorded. Being then eighty years of age, it is probable that he soon passed away. Williamson indeed three times speaks of his death, but in doing so shows that he is only making very poor guesses. On page 603, vol.i. of his history, he says, in a note, ''Abraham Shurte, Esq., died at pemaquid, about 1680.'' Again on page 694 of the same volume he says, ''it is said he died 1690.'' This last date had been previously given as the time of his death on page 420.
But what evidence have we that he died soon after making his affidavit in 1662? It is entirely negative. Three years after this date (1665) the Royal Commissioners by order of Charles II., visited this vicinity, and probably this very place. Sept. 5th, they met at the house of John Mason, at Sheepscot, having previously summoned the inhabitants to appear there and signify their submission to the government of His Majesty. Twenty nine men made their appearance, among them five from Pemaquid: but the name Shurte is not on the list (3) This is significant, but, of course not conclusive. it may be that he sympathized with the Massachusetts party, and chose not to identify himself with those who favored the policy of the British government. But nine years later, in 1674, Massachusetts sent her Commissioners eastward, for a similar purpose, who, in the language of the day, held a court at Pemaquid; and no less than sixty-five men, belonging to Pemaquid and vicinity, took the ''oath of fidelity,'' whose names have been preserved; but that of Shurt is not among them (4).

These Commissioners, at the same time, organized that part of the territory of Sagadahoc into a county, by the name of Devon or Devonshire, establishing all sorts of offices pertaining to a regular government, which they proceeded to fill. But the name of Shurt nowhere appears. If living at this time, he was 92 years of age, and incapable, we may suppose. of holding any office, or taking any active part in the business of ''the court;'' but it would not excuse him from taking the oath of allegiance and fidelity.
We therefore concluded, with very much confidence, that he had died before that time, and perhaps very soon after his visit to Boston in 1662. But to make the matter still stronger, we may remark, that no mention of his name is made during the Indian wars (king Philip's war), which began late in 1676, nor during the whole time the place was under the government of the Duke of York; except perhaps in a single instance, which we will now proceed to notice.

Governor Andros made a voyage to the eastern settlements, in the spring of 1688, and, through a part of it, was accompanied by Secretary. Randolph, who, after his return to Boston, wrote to Mr. Povey, a member of the Privy Council, some account of his journey, and the condition of the eastern settlements as he had seen them. being at Permaquid, he says, ''then I went to one Shurt, town clarke of Pemmequid, to know what leases were made lately and by whom, and for what quitt rent; he told me that above 2 years agoe Capt. Palmer and Mr. West produced to them a commission from Col. Dongan, to dispose of all their land to whoever would take leases at 5 s. the hundred acres quitt rent, &c.'' The letter is dated, Boston, June 21st, 1683.(5)
Was this our friend Abraham Shurt, who made his affidavit in 1662, being then, as stated by himself, eighty years of age? If so , as has been assumed by Williamson and others, then he must have attained the age of 106 years, and was still serving as town clark. If we allow this to be barely possible, it is in the highest degree improbable.
Unfortunately our authority does not give us the Christian name of this mr Shurt, ''town clark of Pemaquid;'' but we conclude, without hesitation, it could not have been our venerable friend, Abraham. May it not have been a younger relative of his, who was following somewhat in his footsteps?

And now a few words as to the credit given by Williamson and others to Abraham Shurt, which we contend, really belongs to John Earthy.

Down to the time of king Philip's war, which began in 1675, no serious difficulty, it is believed, had ever occurred at Permaquid or vicinity , between the settlers and the Indians, with whom a considerable trade was carried on.
In the autumn of this year, some unfavorable change began to be observed in the disposition and conduct of the Indians, occasioned, in all probability, by reports that reached them of the war in which their brethren at the west were engaged. As the war progressed, and emissaries from the western Indians began to make to make their appearance among these eastern tribes, the inhabitants of these parts were filled with apprehension as to their own approaching fate, if the neighboring Indians should resolve on war.
As a matter of course, they became more jealous of their savage neighbors, and watched them closely to discover any signs of disaffection or bad faith. this of itself not a little increased the danger of collision.

After much consultation by the authorities of the settlements at Casco (Portland) and on the Kennebec, it was determined, very unwisely, as it seems to us, to disarm all the neighboring Indians, and refuse longer to sell them arms or and ammunition. The attempt was actually made, and some of the natives compelled to give up their guns; but the effect was to incur their deepest hatred, and oblige them to look to the French settlements at the east for their supply of these things, which had now become a necessity to them, as a means to obtain their daily food. To the people of all the eastern settlements it was a time of deep anxiety and peril.

The people of the Pemaquid settlement having always lived in peace with the neighboring Indians, decided to adopt a peaceful policy towards them, and took measures to pacify them, and if possible prevent an outbreak.
In these efforts they were joined by some of the settlers on the Kennebec. At such a time in such perilous circumstances, there was of course needed a wise, firm courageous leader; one if possible, acquainted with the Indians, and respected by them, as well as by the English settlers. Fortunately , a man possessing these characteristics, in good degree, was found in their midst; and our enquiry now will be to learn who that man was.

Williamson, in his history of Maine (Vol.I.,p.626-7), without hesitation, or any qualification whatever, says the man was Abraham Shurt; and then proceeds, in succeeding pages , to describe his important services and wise efforts for the preservation of peace. in doing this, he refers to Sullivans's History of the district of Maine, and Hubbard's Indian wars, as his authorities. And when we turn to the passages cited, we are surprised to find the name of Shurt is not mentioned in either of them, nor indeed, so far as I can find, anywhere else in these works!

If we inquire concerning the services at this time, of this agent of Permaquid, whoever he was, we shall find that they were quite too laborious to be performed by a man ninety-four years of age, as Abraham Shurt then was, if living.
First in the autumn of 1675, by much effort, he persuaded many chiefs of the neighboring tribes to meet him at Pemaquid, where a treaty of peace was agreed to, the Indians present promising to use their influence to include other tribes, not represented, to unite with them in the agreement.
This arrangement being concluded, he next made a winter voyage to Boston, but on what special business is not stated, though it is believed to have been on public account. Here he found that complaints had been made against him for selling arms and ammunition to the Indians; but being well known to the authorities, he easily persuaded them that the charge was unfounded, and was allowed to return without further molestation.

But now another formidable difficulty met him, which was quite unexpected.
Ever since the time of Waymouths's voyage in 1605, natives of the coast had been occasionally kidnapped and taken to Europe, and sometimes sold into slavery. About this time of the first Indian war, and for nearly a score of years later, quite a disposition was manifested in New-England to adopt the policy of seizing upon such of the natives as had committed serious offenses, and selling them for slaves; but it was eventually frowned down by the public sentiment (6).

It was from this source that the new difficulty arose, in the way of the preservation of peace. The peace-maker had just returned from Boston when it was rumored that a vessel was lurking on the coast for the express purpose of kidnapping any unfortunate native that might fall into their hands. This greatly incensed the Indians, and embarrassed pending negotiations. They accused the English of violating previous treaties, and especially of failing to afford the protection promised them.
This agent of Permaquid then sought out the suspected vessel, represented to the Captain the extremely perilous condition of the plan, the efforts they were making to preserve the peace, and besought him at once to leave the coast. The outlaws so far complied as to depart from the immediate neighborhood of Pemaquid, but only to sail farther east-it is believed, to Nova Scotia, to renew their operations without success.

On the opening of spring (the spring of 1676), another Indian conference was held, somewhere to the eastward, which this gentleman attended, but no good resulted from it, because of the wicked doings of the slaver farther to the eastward, reports of which soon reached their ears. The natives were now more than ever enraged, and complained bitterly of the perfidy of the English; but did not proceed so far as to begin actual hostilities. Every thing that was possible was done to pacify them, and another conference appointed to be held at Teconnet on the Kennebec. To this place our friend repaired, accompanied by Richard Oliver, of Monhegan, and Capt. sylvanus Davis, of Arrowsic island.
The savages received them with much cordiality and respect, even firing a salute on their arrival; but nothing was accomplished, except to demonstrate the impossibility of any amicable adjustment of their difficulties. The Indians were not to be blamed for demanding a supply of guns and ammunitions with which to obtain their daily food; but on the other hand, the English felt, as we cannot now, that to do this would be to incur the great risk of their own destruction.

The conference had just broken up, and the representatives of Pemaquid and Monhegan were on their way home, when news was received of the beginnings of hostilities at Casco; and this was the signal for a general onslaught of the eastern Indians on all the settlements upon the coast, involving all in one dense cloud of smoke and flame.
From the Kennebec, word was sent to the more eastern settlements of Sheeppscot, Damariscotta, and Pemaquid, of the beginnings of hostilities; and the inhabitants made haste to escape to the neighboring islands, the persons in the last boat that left Pemaqiud actually seeing many of their houses in flames as they passed out of the harbor.

This brings us to the last of August, 1676; and we thus see that the unwearied exertions of this agent of Pemaquid were continued through the space of a year, and required him to make two journeys-one somewhere to the eastward, perhaps the mouth of the Penobsot, and the other up the Kennebec to Teconnet-and a voyage in mid-winter to Boston; a task quite impossible for a man 93 or 94 years of age.
Let us now examine a little further, but briefly, the authors to whom Mr. Williamson refers us. Neither of them, as we have already stated, mentions the name of Shurt, in this or any other connection. That he has sadly blundered in introducing it as he did, seems therefore very evident; and, by a close inspection of Hubbard's language, we way perhaps be able to see just how he was led astray. We must say, in passing, that for these transactions of Pemaquid and vicinity, that author is the only original authority that we have. From him therefore must come all that we now know.
Hubbard's manner of introducing the subject is a little singular. having occasion to allude to the efficient agent of Pemaquid, he does it several times in a general way, as if unwilling to mention the name, but at length brings it out in a way that we not mistake.

In Vol.I., page 149 (7), speaking of the troubles with the Indians on the Kennebec, then (1672) just beginning, he says, '' A gentleman who at that time lived at Pemaquid, a kind of Superintendent over the Affairs of that Place, considering the sad state things were running into, Labored to obtain a Parley with the said Indians, or some of them, which after much Trouble and Cost, he did accomplish.'' Why did he not at once mention the name of the gentleman? We cannot tell-perhaps it was a mere inadvertence.
On the next page (150) he speaks twice of the same gentleman-''However the person aforesaid,'' and ''This Gentleman aforesaid.'' Then on page 151, ''The Winter being now over, the forenamed Agent of Pemaquid went to the Meeting of the Indians Eastward, &c.''; and again, page 152, ''making Complaint thereof to the said Agent, Mr. Earthy, Mr. Richard Oliver, and others.'' In answer to these complaints of the Indians, for the purpose of quieting them, certain conditional promises were made to them, and this language is used, page 153: ''This Gentleman mindful of his Promise, went with Post to the Kennebec;'' he was then on his way to Teconnet, as before stated.
These extracts plainly show that John Earthy, and not Abraham Shurt, is the man ment by Hubbard, and to him therefore should be ascribed the praise of making these earnest, though unsuccessful, efforts for the preservation of peace, at this time of peril.

The passage from page 152 of Hubbard, given above, in which the name of Earthy is mentioned, is indeed susceptible of a different construction from that we have adopted, and the fact should not be concealed; but the probabilities are so strongly in favor of our construction that any more words in confirmation of it would seem unnecessary.

If Hubbard in this passage, does not positively mean to say that Mr. Earthy-elsewhere called John Earthy-was the worthy agent of Pemaquid, in the important transactions referred to, then we now know who it was.
Abraham Shurt, a quarter of a century before, was a prominent man there, and worthy to be thus employed-and if now among the living, about 94 years of age; still we may, if we please, with Williamson's, guess him to have been the man. But it will only be a guess, and nothing better.
One fact more remains to be mentioned, which favors are view of this subject. Late in the autumn of 1676, though nearly all the eastern settlements had been destroyed, some feeble efforts for the restoration of peace were continued by the Massachusetts authorities. Mugg, ''a distinguished chief of the Andrscoggins,''(8) was in Boston at this time, and undertook to negotiate a treaty with the government of Massachusetts for Madowockawando, chief of the Penobscots, and his tribe and the document was signed Nov.13th. What authority he had thus to act does not now concern us; and the treaty seems never to have been considered of any importance; but it was negotiated and signed as above stated, and witnessed by John Earthy, Richard Oliver, and Isac Addington. The two former were the same we have heretofore become acquainted with, and Addington was a distinguished public man of the time in Boston (9).

It is therefore clearly proved, as we claim, that John Earthy, and not Abraham Shurte-excellent man as he was-was the man who labored so earnestly for the preservation of peace with the eastern Indians, in the State of Maine, in the years 1675-6. His prolonged efforts were earnest and judicious, but unfortunately not successful; and the inhabitants of the state-more especially the eastern part of it-suffered the bitter consequences for the next hundred years.

Thornton in his ancient Pemaquid (10), by following Hubbard, the only original authority, has avoided the mistake of Williamson, and done justice to the memory of John Earthy. Sewall follows Williamson (11).
We will mention another mistake of Williamson, which is of some importance. He says (Vol.i.,p.526), ''Nay the Monhegan Islanders offered a bounty of £5 for every Indian's head that should be brought to them.'' the language, of course, meaning that so much would be paid for every Indian that should be murdered! This we submit, is a mistake and again appeal to our excellent authority, Hubbard. His language is, ''Others at Monhiggan offered five pound for every Indian that should be brought.''(12)
This was in 1675, just the time when, at least, one slaver was on the coast; and the object, in all probability, was to obtain victims for sale to this outlaw. This, it may be claimed, was not less discreditable than the other charge would be, but, however this may be, our only object is to ascertain and establish the simple facts of history.
It is well to remember, also, that the horrible policy of offering bounties for scalps had not yet been adopted by any party in New-England.

A word further of Mr. John Earthy. The unusual rarity of this name, as well that of Shurt, has already been alluded to. May it not be that by some change in the orthography of the names we fail to recognise them at other points in history, and in other places? This is possible but all our researches have failed to throw any light upon the subject.

John Earthy, probably, was not a great, or a learned man; but, in a time of great distress and peril, he labored for peace courageously, and wisely, though, unfortunately, without success; and the blessing of the peace-maker should be pronounced upon his memory.

(1) Report of Commissioners to investigate the Census of the Difficulties in the County of Lincoln, 1811, p.40 Will. Hist.Me.,i.563.Sullivan seems not to have been aware of the existence of Shurt's affidavit, as he does not refer to it; nor indeed does he any where mention the name of Shurt, or allude to his transactions.
(2) Lewis's Hist. Lynn,75,76,2d edition.
(3) Sullivan's Hist.Me.,p.287 Willamsons's Hist.Me.,i.p421.
(4) Records of Massachusetts, vol.v.p.18. N.E.Hist.and Gen.register,vol.iii.p.243.
(5) Hutchinson's Collections,p.563.
(6) The case of the Indians seized at Cocheco (dover, N.H), in the autumn of this year (1676), will be remembered. a part of those seized, as is well known, were sold as slaves. See also Hubbard's Indian wars, ii.94, Drake's ed., and Sewall's Anc.Dom.of Me.,pp 257,258.
(7) These references are all of drake's recent edition of the well-known Indian wars.
(8) Drake's Book of the Indians,bk,iii.p.110,7th ed.
(9) Hubbard's Indian Wars, ii.pp.189-193; sullivan's Hist.Me.,pp.409,410.
(10) Coll.Me.Hist.Soc.,v.p.251.
(11) Anc Dom.of Me.,p.157.
(12) Hubbard's Indian Wars, ii.p.149.
The Indian " Mugg" who signed the Peace Treaty in the presence of John Earthy is afterwards called "Mogg Hegone" and is later named as "Mogg Megone" in a poem written in two parts by John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892).
Another source states the signing of the treaty was on November 6th.
 
 
Part 1 The New-England magazine March 1835. Part 2 The New-England magazine April 1835.
 
 
 
Sidney Perley & William Freeman's map of " Part of Salem in 1700 "
(Click on the image to view a larger size)
Recent resarch by Rikk Earthy (Jan 2003) has found the property and land of John's widow Mary Earthy on Sidney Perley & William Freeman's map of Salem 1700 that was published in 1933.
 
 
 
On a larger scale Mary's plot marked x can be seen lying just off Essex Street and situated between Becket St which ran on the left of her property and English Lane which ran to the right. On the present day map the streets can still be seen, English Lane is now named English Street.

Immediately to the North of Mary's plot is the property of B
enjamin Gerrish (as stated above) who bought the EARTHY plot of 'one and one-half acres of land for 40 ' from John and Mary's two surviving daughters Mary and Ann on the 4th of August 1711.
The find of this map helps us greatly in uncovering the 'timeline' of this Earthy family, the property being Mary's tells us that she was now a widow and that John died before 1700.
 

 
Pemaquid Point Lighthouse and Pemaquid Harbour view southwards.
 
Pemaquid is delightfully located in a very attractive area of the Maine coast roughly midway between Bar Harbor and Portland. Monhegan Island, which lies roughly ten miles off Pemaquid Point, was a well located stopping off place for fishing boats and other vessels making the trans- Atlantic journey from the UK to New England via Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. The colonial settlement of Pemaquid sat at the mouth of a very safe natural harbour the entrance to which is located roughly two miles up the western side of Pemaquid Point. As a result of the attractiveness of Pemaquid Light and Point, the area has become a bit of an artist's colony in modern times.
"Colonial Pemaquid", as the old town site is now known, has been excavated and turned into a historical site through the efforts of a local community group called Friends of Colonial Pemaquid. The foundations of a number of town site buildings are visible and marked, including the tavern, for which John Earthy was granted a publican's license in 1674.
 
Other early records of Earthy's in the USA:
James Earthy - Married Maria Colvard on the 30th of November 1883, in Monroe, Georgia.
Jennie Earthy - Married Wentworth Morey on th 27th October 1888, in Houlton, Aroostook, Maine.
John Earthy, Tennessee, Township-Edgefield, County-Davidson From the 1850 census.
 
 
The poem records about "Mogg Megone" can be found at the American Memory page at the Library of Congress.
Futher information about Pemaquid can be found at Friends of Colonial Pemaquid
Futher information about the city of Salem.
 
Research by Mark Earthy January 1997 & August 2002., David Earthy August 2001., Rikk Earthy January 2003, Margaret Masters November 2007.